CMMC IA.1.076 – Identify Authorized Users, Processes and Devices

CMMC IA.1.076 – Identify Authorized Users, Processes and Devices

Requirement text: 
IA.1.076: Identify information system users, processes acting on behalf of users, or devices.


Common device identifiers include media access control (MAC), Internet protocol (IP) addresses, or device-unique token identifiers. Management of individual identifiers is not applicable to shared system accounts. Typically, individual identifiers are the user names associated with the system accounts assigned to those individuals. Organizations may require unique identification of individuals in group accounts or for detailed accountability of individual activity. In addition, this requirement addresses individual identifiers that are not necessarily associated with system accounts. Organizational devices requiring identification may be defined by type, by device, or by a combination of type/device. NIST SP 800-63-3 provides guidance on digital identities.


Authentication helps you to know who is using or viewing your system. Make sure to assign individual, unique identifiers, like user names, to all employees/users who access company systems. Confirm the identities of users, processes, or devices before allowing them access to the company’s information system-usually done through passwords.

You lead a project with the Department of Defense (DoD) for your small company and want to make sure that all employees working on the project can log on to the company system to see important information about the project. You also want to prevent employees who are not working on the DoD project from being able to access the information. You set up the system so that when an employee logs on, the system uniquely identifies each person, then determines the appropriate level of access.

Get Audit Ready

How to pass? Use individual accounts for each person in your business, and don’t allow password sharing. Individual accounts let your computers and software know who is logged on so that the appropriate level of access is granted and their actions can be traced back to them.

How to fail? Multiple people know the password for your computer, which has the credentials for your bank stored in the web browser. One day, funds are stolen from your bank account. When you review the logs, it says that your account did it. It is impossible to determine who stole the funds.

• FAR Clause 52.204-21 b.1.v
• NIST SP 800-171 Rev 1 3.5.1
• CIS Controls v7.1 4.2, 4.3, 16.8, 16.9
• NIST CSF v1.1 PR.AC-1, PR.AC-6, PR.AC-7
• CERT RMM v1.2 ID:SG1.SP1
• NIST SP 800-53 Rev 4 IA-2, IA-3, IA-5

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